Temporomandibular joint disorders

Temporomandibular joint disorders. Pain and other symptoms affecting the head, jaw, and face that are thought to occur when the temporomandibular joints and the muscles and ligaments attached to them do not work together correctly.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus affects the skin and or mouth. It is a common skin disease of unknown cause that usually affects middle-aged people. Small, shiny, intensely itchy, pink or purple raised spots appear on the skin of the inner wrists, forearms, or lower legs.

There is often a lacy network of white spots covering the inside lining of the cheeks.The disease is treated with topical corticosteroid drugs.

In more detail:


Leukoplakia is raised white patches on the mucous membranes of the mouth or vulva due to tissue thickening. It is most common in elderly people and in those with AIDS.


Leukoplakia in the mouth, which most commonly occurs on the tongue, is usually due to smoking or to rubbing by a rough tooth or denture. It is not known what causes the condition to develop on the vulva.

Mouth Ulcer

A mouth ulcer is an open sore that is caused by a break in the mucous membrane that lines the mouth. Mouth ulcers are white, grey, or yellow spots with an inflamed border. The most common types are aphthous ulcers (see ulcer, aphthous) and ulcers caused by the herpes simplex virus. A mouth ulcer may be an early stage of mouth cancer. Those that fail to heal within a month may need to be investigated with a biopsy.

To live longer, replace 1 hour of sitting with walking daily

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2 seniors walking and improving their health

When it comes to staying healthy, the advice is endless - drink more water, exercise more, take your vitamins, eat oily fish, drink more coffee, drink less coffee. But a new study appears to simplify the key to long-term health; it suggests that by replacing 1 hour of sitting each day with walking, we can decrease our chance of early death by 12-14%.



New Promising Treatment for Macular Degeneration

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blue eye picture - macular degeneration treatment

First UK patient receives stem cell treatment to cure loss of vision caused by macular degeneration.

A patient has become the first in the UK to receive an experimental stem cell treatment that has the potential to save the sight of hundreds of thousands of Britons.

By December, doctors will know whether the woman, who has age-related macular degeneration, has regained her sight after a successful operation at Moorfields Eye Hospital in London last month. Over 18 months, 10 patients will undergo the treatment.


Liver Function Tests

Liver function tests are tests of blood chemistry that can detect changes in the way the liver is making new substances and breaking down and/or excreting old ones. The tests can also show whether liver cells are healthy or damaged.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, tortuous veins just beneath the surface of the skin. Varicose veins most commonly occur in the legs but can also occur in the anus (haemorrhoids), oesophagus (oesophageal varices), and scrotum (varicocele).