Rules of memory rewritten in study described as "beautiful, elegant and extremely impressive"

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the human brain

What really happens when we make and store memories has been unravelled in a discovery that surprised even the scientists who made it.

The US and Japanese team found that the brain "doubles up" by simultaneously making two memories of events.

One is for the here-and-now and the other for a lifetime, they found.

It had been thought that all memories start as a short-term memory and are then slowly converted into a long-term one.

Experts said the findings were surprising, but also beautiful and convincing.



Amnesia Loss of the ability to memorize information and/or recall information stored in memory. Amnesic conditions affect mainly long-term memory (where information is retained indefinitely) rather than short-term memory (where it is only retained for seconds or minutes).

Many people with amnesia have a memory gap that extends back for some time before the onset of the disorder. This condition, known as retrograde amnesia, is principally a deficit of recall. In the majority of cases, the memory gap gradually shrinks over time.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Indigestion drugs taken by millions linked to dementia

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proton pump inhibitor 3 packets images may increase dementia risk

A very commonly taken group of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI's) used to treat heartburn, acid reflux or peptic ulcers, are associated with an increased incidence of dementia by 44 per cent, a new study of people over 75 years in Germany finds.



Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome

The Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is an uncommon brain disorder, almost always related to malnutrition, that occurs in chronic alcohol dependence. It may also occasionally occur in cancer.


Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome results from a deficiency of thiamine (Vitamin B1), which affects the brain and nervous system.

Recovered Memories And False Memories

Technical article about recovered memories and false memories.

Topics covered:

  • The ‘false memory' position
  • Evidence for genuine ‘recovered memories'
  • Why the debate?
  • An emerging scientific and professional consensus
  • References

Clinicians working with survivors of traumatic experiences have frequently noted the existence of memory loss with no obvious physical cause and the recovery of additional memories during clinical sessions, although little systematic research has been conducted until recently.