Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted infection and diseases.

This is an infection or disease transmitted primarily (but not exclusively) by sexual intercourse. Common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) include genital herpes, chlamydial infections, pubic lice, genital warts, trichomoniasis, gonorrhoea, and HIV infection.

Certain sexual activities carry a high risk of infection with STIs. They include casual sex or having multiple partners (particularly if partners are not known to be free of disease); activities that involve contact with sperm or other body fluids; and activities that may damage the skin or mucous membranes. Practising safer sex can minimize these risks and help prevent STIs. Antibiotics can be used to treat most bacterial STIs. Confidential tracing and treatment of an affected person’s partners is essential in the management of STIs (contact tracing).

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